By combining its data with surveys of business leaders in the banking, mining, manufacturing, sales, health, insurance and energy sectors, McKinsey draws a portrait of tomorrow’s work and forecast the number of hours that will be required for each type of skill.
According to this report, the three types of skills that will be essential in the context of the adoption of artificial intelligence and automation will be as follows:
- The higher cognitive skills: such as information processing or statistical analysis. The demand for these skills will increase by 19% by 2030.
- The social skills: such as negotiation, management, adaptability… The demand for these skills will increase by 26% by 2030.
- Technological skills: Information and communication technologies, data analysis or technical skills. Demand for these skills will increase by 55% by 2030
On the opposite, the demand for physical and manual skills will decrease by 14% by 2030.
In addition to this projection of skill needs, the report also highlights the importance of employees’ training. In fact, to get used to these changes, employees will have to become more and more agile.
Companies will also need to be more flexible. In this context, they will increasingly rely on the self-employed and use of freelancers.
More specifically, manufacturers’ physical and manual labor requirements will fall twice as fast as those of the rest of the economy. At the opposite, their need for technological and cognitive skills will increase more rapidly. It is these skills that will enable them to process complex information and be more creative.